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The Copperhead is a venomous (poisonous) snake. It grows to 122 cm. Its skin is a tan pink with hour glass markings all along its body. Its head is flat and is a solid copper color with a pit between the eye and nostril. It has a white belly with some specks of dark color. The pupils are vertical, which is a characteristic of venomous snakes. Juveniles have the same color pattern as adults, except the tail is yellow and they lack black specks on their body.
The Worm Snake grows to 15 inches and is non-venomous. This snake resembles a snake—hence the name. The body is brown and the belly is pink both of which are solid in color, and the head is pointed. When born, the hatchlings are pink ventrally and dark brown dorsally. The females lay 2-8 eggs during June in decaying organic matter, or rotten logs. When the young are born they may be up to 5.5 inches long. The Worm Snake hibernates deep under soil, and during the dry weather they go back into the soil. They remain buried under logs and leaf litter, so they are mainly found on the forest floor, or in fields near the forest. This snake’s diet mainly consists of earthworms, snails, slugs, and soft bodied insects.
The Black Rat Snake grows to 203 cm in length. It is a shiny black snake with a white chin and its belly is white checkered. The juveniles have a distinct pattern of brown and black patches on a black and white checkered body. They also have a clear brown stripe that runs from the eye to the mouth. Mating occurs during April and May. The females lay eggs in early fall in tree cavities, mulch, saw dust piles, and rotting logs. The Black Rat snake comes out of hibernation during April, and is diurnal during spring and early summer. They are great climbers and are often seen in trees. Their diet consists mainly of birds, eggs, rodents, and squirrels.
The female Garter Snake grows to be about 51.5 cm, and the males grow to about 41.0 cm. The back (or dorsal) of the snake is black and usually has three yellowish lines running the length. There is also a checker board pattern on the back consisting of green, yellow, and black. The under side (or ventral) of the snake is a yellow to greenish color with an indistinct black line. The tip of the nose is brown. This species is not aggressive but will bite if aggravated and will release a foul, musk smelling odor. Juvenile garter snakes have the same checker board pattern, but the main color on their dorsal is brown, and the ventral is a cream color. As the snake ages, the dorsal pattern darkens.
The Corn Snake is non venomous species that grows to be 123-152 cm. It is found from sea level up to 1850 m (6000 ft). The longest living corn snake known was just over 32 years. The pattern of the upper body consists of wide orange bands outlined in black and smaller bands of a duller orange-brown color. The belly is white checkered with black. The juveniles will often have brown to black blotches on an orange background. Females lay up to 27 eggs during the months of June and July. The young hatch by late August. This species is nocturnal and likes to stay hidden in corn fields, meadows, abandoned houses, woodlands, and underground. It also climbs trees. Their diet mainly consists of rodents, birds, bats, and lizards. This species is often mistaken for the Copperhead snake, but the copperhead has a more hour glass pattern and no checkerboard pattern on its belly.
The Common Kingsnake species is found in the southern and southwestern United States, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The species physique does not vary across the large range; however, the patterning and coloration does vary substantially. The Eastern Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula getula)is found in the middle to south atlantic states. The Outer Banks Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula sticticeps) is found only in the Outer Banks area of North Carolina. The Florida Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula floridana), as its name implies, is found in Florida, intergrading with the Eastern Kingsnake. The Speckled Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula holbrooki) is found in the middle gulf states north to Iowa and Illinois. The Black Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula nigra) is found Tennessee and Kentucky and parts of neighboring states. The Desert Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula splendida) is found from Kansas to Texas to New Mexico and Mexico. The Mexican Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula nigritus) is found in southeast Arizona and Mexico. California Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula californiae) is found from Arizona and Utah to California and Oregon.